Each individual stripe or spot on a wing has a distinct identity that can be traced from species to species within a family. Towards the south, the viceroy mostly displayed darker orange phenotypes in response to the larger population of queens.
Like butterflies, some people are Monarchs while others are Viceroys. The theory proposes that initial mimicry is achieved by a single mutation that has a large effect on the phenotype, which immediately gives the organism some protection, and is then refined by so-called modifier genes with lesser phenotypic effects. A history of multiple migrations would suggest that speciation occurred before the evolution of mimicry, meaning mimicry was the result of speciation instead of the driver of speciation. Home What did I learn:
Because they are so similar, a predator often mistakes one for the other and avoids both since it assumes they are poisonous. Experimental evidence has shown that avian predators express aversion to the queen butterfly after being exposed to viceroys. Three lineages of mimetic butterflies occur in North America and the evolution of mimicry may have played a large role in the diversification of this group. The third way I differentiate between a Monarch and a Viceroy is by their flight pattern.
Three lineages of mimetic butterflies occur in North America and the evolution of mimicry may have played a large role in the diversification of this group. As mentioned previously, looking for the black line across the hindwings is by far the easiest and most accurate method to positively identify these similar butterflies, but with a little time and practice recognizing size and flight pattern will soon become apparent too.
Three lineages of mimetic butterflies occur in North America and the evolution of mimicry may have played a large role in the diversification of this group. Butterfly identification can be extremely challenging.
Because they are so similar, a predator often mistakes one for the other and avoids both since it assumes they are poisonous. Home What did I learn: Monarchs typically have a larger wingspan than a Viceroy; however, a large Viceroy and small Monarch can have almost the same wingspan, so this characteristic is less dependable.
Posted by: Mazurg | on October 2, 2012
Two virtually identical butterflies found in Southwestern Ontario are the Monarch and the Viceroy. When meeting people, it is important to dig deep and see someone for who they really are rather than profiling them into a stereotype.
Color polymorphism is hypothesized to be affected by interaction between the viceroy, monarch and queen's overlapping environments. Their small size combined with their propensity to not stay motionless very long often adds to the challenge of identification. The most obvious way to tell the difference between a Monarch and a Viceroy is by looking at their hindwings.
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